PubMed 24282291

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1 , SK3

Title: Critical roles of a small conductance Ca²⁺-activated K⁺ channel (SK3) in the repolarization process of atrial myocytes.

Authors: Xiao-Dong Zhang, Valeriy Timofeyev, Ning Li, Richard E Myers, Dai-Min Zhang, Anil Singapuri, Victor C Lau, Chris T Bond, John Adelman, Deborah K Lieu, Nipavan Chiamvimonvat

Journal, date & volume: Cardiovasc. Res., 2014 Feb 1 , 101, 317-25

PubMed link:

Small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (K(Ca)2 or SK channels) have been reported in excitable cells, where they aid in integrating changes in intracellular Ca(2+) (Ca(i)²⁺) with membrane potentials. We have recently reported the functional expression of SK channels in human and mouse cardiac myocytes. Additionally, we have found that the channel is highly expressed in atria compared with the ventricular myocytes. We demonstrated that human cardiac myocytes expressed all three members of SK channels (SK1, 2, and 3); moreover, the different members are capable of forming heteromultimers. Here, we directly tested the contribution of SK3 to the overall repolarization of atrial action potentials.We took advantage of a mouse model with site-specific insertion of a tetracycline-based genetic switch in the 5' untranslated region of the KCNN3 (SK3 channel) gene (SK3(T/T)). The gene-targeted animals overexpress the SK3 channel without interfering with the normal profile of SK3 expression. Whole-cell, patch-clamp techniques show a significant shortening of the action potential duration mainly at 90% repolarization (APD90) in atrial myocytes from the homozygous SK3(T/T) animals. Conversely, treatment with dietary doxycycline results in a significant prolongation of APD90 in atrial myocytes from SK3(T/T) animals. We further demonstrate that the shortening of APDs in SK3 overexpression mice predisposes the animals to inducible atrial arrhythmias.SK3 channel contributes importantly towards atrial action potential repolarization. Our data suggest the important role of the SK3 isoform in atrial myocytes.