PubMed 24289807

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1

Title: A critical role for STIM1 in filopodial calcium entry and axon guidance.

Authors: Sangwoo Shim, James Q Zheng, Guo-li Ming

Journal, date & volume: Mol Brain, 2013 , 6, 51

PubMed link:

Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), a Ca2+ sensor in the endoplasmic reticulum, regulates store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) that is essential for Ca2+ homeostasis in many types of cells. However, if and how STIM1 and SOCE function in nerve growth cones during axon guidance remains to be elucidated.We report that STIM1 and transient receptor potential channel 1 (TRPC1)-dependent SOCE operates in Xenopus spinal growth cones to regulate Ca2+ signaling and guidance responses. We found that STIM1 works together with TRPC1 to mediate SOCE within growth cones and filopodia. In particular, STIM1/TRPC1-dependent SOCE was found to mediate oscillatory filopodial Ca2+ transients in the growth cone. Disruption of STIM1 function abolished filopodial Ca2+ transients and impaired Ca2+-dependent attractive responses of Xenopus growth cones to netrin-1. Finally, interference with STIM1 function was found to disrupt midline axon guidance of commissural interneurons in the developing Xenopus spinal cord in vivo.Our data demonstrate that STIM1/TRPC1-dependent SOCE plays an essential role in generating spatiotemporal Ca2+ signals that mediate guidance responses of nerve growth cones.