PubMed 24304580

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4 , Slo1

Title: Clinical evaluation and cellular electrophysiology of a recessive CLCN1 patient.

Authors: S Lucchiari, G Ulzi, F Magri, M Bucchia, F Corbetta, M Servida, M Moggio, G P Comi, M Lecchi

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2013 Oct , 64, 669-78

PubMed link:

Here we present the case of a 32-year-old female patient with myotonia congenita. She carried two mutations in the CLCN1 gene that encodes the chloride channel ClC-1: p.Phe167Leu, which was previously identified in several families, and p.Val536Leu, which has been previously reported but not yet characterized by electrophysiological investigations. The patient's symptoms included generalized stiffness, myotonia, and muscle cramps mostly localized in the lower limbs. These symptoms started during childhood and worsened over the following years. The symptoms were exacerbated by low outside temperature, rest, stress, and fasting and were improved by mild exercise, suggesting a warm-up phenomenon. The mutation p.Phe167Leu has previously been associated with a slight shift in the overall open probability. Here we further analysed this mutation to extrapolate the voltage-dependence of the fast and slow gates. In our experimental conditions, p.Phe167Leu exclusively affected the slow gate, increasing the minimum open probability and displacing the voltage-dependence toward depolarized potentials. p.Val536Leu showed more severe effects, dramatically influencing the slow gate as well as modifying properties of the fast gate. Co-expression of the mutants in a human cell line to reproduce the compound heterozygous condition of the patient produced channels with altered voltage-dependence of the slow gate but a restored fast gate. The alteration of the slow mechanism was reflected by the relative open probability, reducing the contribution of ClC-1 channels in maintaining the resting membrane potential of skeletal muscles and thus explaining the myotonic phenotype of the patient.