PubMed 24327515

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: Distribution of vesicular glutamate transporter 2 in auditory and song control brain regions in the adult zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata).

Authors: Mohammad Rabiul Karim, Shouichiro Saito, Yasuro Atoji

Journal, date & volume: J. Comp. Neurol., 2014 Jun 15 , 522, 2129-51

PubMed link:

The songbird brain has a system of interconnected nuclei that are specialized for singing and song learning. Wada et al. (2004; J. Comp. Neurol. 476:44-64) found a unique distribution of the mRNAs for glutamate receptor subunits in the song control brain areas of songbirds. In conjunction with data from electrophysiological studies, these finding indicate a role for the glutamatergic neurons and circuits in the song system. This study examines vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGLUT2) mRNA and protein expression in the zebra finch brain, particularly in auditory areas and song nuclei. In situ hybridization assays for VGLUT2 mRNA revealed high levels of expression in the ascending auditory nuclei (magnocellular, angular, and laminar nuclei; dorsal part of the lateral mesencephalic nucleus; ovoidal nucleus), high or moderate levels of expression in the telencephalic auditory areas (cudomedial mesopallium, field L, caudomedial nidopallium), and expression in the song nuclei (HVC, lateral magnocellular nucleus of the anterior nidopallium, robust nucleus of the arcopallium), where levels of expression were greater than in the surrounding brain subdivisions. Area X did not show expression of VGLUT2 mRNA. Nuclei in the descending motor pathway (dorsomedial nucleus of the intercollicular complex, retroambigual nucleus, tracheosyringeal motor nucleus of the hypoglossal nerve) expressed VGLUT2 mRNA. The target nuclei of VGLUT2 mRNA-expressing nuclei showed immunoreactivity for VGLUT2 as well as hybridization signals for the mRNA of glutamate receptor subunits. The present findings demonstrate the origins and targets of glutamatergic neurons and indicate a central role for glutamatergic circuits in the auditory and song systems in songbirds.