PubMed 24398784

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Construction of functional fragments of the cytoplasmic loop with the C-terminal region of PomA, a stator component of the Vibrio Na+ driven flagellar motor.

Authors: Yasuhiro Onoue, Rei Abe-Yoshizumi, Mizuki Gohara, Shiori Kobayashi, Noriko Nishioka, Seiji Kojima, Michio Homma

Journal, date & volume: J. Biochem., 2014 Mar , 155, 207-16

PubMed link:

The membrane motor proteins, PomA (polar flagellar motility protein A) and PomB (polar flagellar motility protein B), of Vibrio alginolyticus form a stator complex that converts energy from the ion flow to mechanical work in bacterial flagellar motors. The cytoplasmic domain of PomA is believed to interact with the rotor protein FliG to make a torque. In this study, to investigate the function of the cytoplasmic domain of PomA, we constructed a series of fragments that flank the cytoplasmic loop of PomA between the second and third transmembrane (TM) domains (A-loop) and the C-terminal region, and expressed them in Escherichia coli together with PomA and PotB (a chimeric protein of PomB and MotB). We observed a dominant-negative effect of one PomA fragment on motility. We confirmed that these PomA fragments localized both in the membrane fraction and in the cytoplasmic fraction, and induced bacterial growth delay. Effect of additional point and deletion mutations into this fragment implies that the C-terminal region and TM domains used as a linker play a significant part in these observations. From these results, we conclude that the PomA fragments retain the structure important for functions. We expect that further constructions will provide a variety of experimental approaches to characterize the interaction between PomA and FliG.