PubMed 24412748

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4

Title: GW1929 inhibits α7 nAChR expression through PPARγ-independent activation of p38 MAPK and inactivation of PI3-K/mTOR: The role of Egr-1.

Authors: Swei Sunny Hahn, Qing Tang, Fang Zheng, Shunyu Zhao, Jingjing Wu

Journal, date & volume: Cell. Signal., 2014 Apr , 26, 730-9

PubMed link:

Studies demonstrated that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligands reduce nicotine-induced non small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell growth through inhibition of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) mediated signaling pathways. However, the mechanisms by which PPARγ ligands inhibited nAChR expression remain elucidated. Here, we show that GW1929, a synthetic PPARγ ligand, not only inhibited but also antagonized the stimulatory effect of acetylcholine on NSCLC cell proliferation. Interestingly, GW1929 inhibited α7 nAChR expression, which was not blocked by GW9662, an antagonist of PPARγ, or by PPARγ siRNA, but was abrogated by the p38 MPAK inhibitor SB239063. GW1929 reduced the promoter activity of α7 nAChR and induced early growth response-1 (Egr-1) protein expression, which was overcame by SB239063, but enhanced by inhibitors of PI3-K and mTOR. Silencing of Egr-1 blocked, while overexpression of Egr-1 enhanced, the effect of GW1929 on α7 nAChR expression and promoter activity. Finally, GW1929 induced Egr-1 bound to specific DNA areas in the α7 nAChR gene promoter. Collectively, these results demonstrate that GW1929 not only inhibits but also antagonizes Ach-induced NSCLC cell growth by inhibition of α7 nAChR expression through PPARγ-independent signals that are associated with activation of p38 MPAK and inactivation of PI3-K/mTOR, followed by inducing Egr-1 protein and Egr-1 binding activity in the α7 nAChR gene promoter. By downregulation of the α7 nAchR, GW1929 blocks cholinergic signaling and inhibits NSCLC cell growth.