PubMed 24430870

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: SLC25A23 augments mitochondrial Ca²⁺ uptake, interacts with MCU, and induces oxidative stress-mediated cell death.

Authors: Nicholas E Hoffman, Harish C Chandramoorthy, Santhanam Shanmughapriya, Xueqian Q Zhang, Sandhya Vallem, Patrick J Doonan, Karthik Malliankaraman, Shuchi Guo, Sudarsan Rajan, John W Elrod, Walter J Koch, Joseph Y Cheung, Muniswamy Madesh

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Biol. Cell, 2014 Mar , 25, 936-47

PubMed link:

Emerging findings suggest that two lineages of mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake participate during active and resting states: 1) the major eukaryotic membrane potential-dependent mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter and 2) the evolutionarily conserved exchangers and solute carriers, which are also involved in ion transport. Although the influx of Ca(2+) across the inner mitochondrial membrane maintains metabolic functions and cell death signal transduction, the mechanisms that regulate mitochondrial Ca(2+) accumulation are unclear. Solute carriers--solute carrier 25A23 (SLC25A23), SLC25A24, and SLC25A25--represent a family of EF-hand-containing mitochondrial proteins that transport Mg-ATP/Pi across the inner membrane. RNA interference-mediated knockdown of SLC25A23 but not SLC25A24 and SLC25A25 decreases mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake and reduces cytosolic Ca(2+) clearance after histamine stimulation. Ectopic expression of SLC25A23 EF-hand-domain mutants exhibits a dominant-negative phenotype of reduced mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake. In addition, SLC25A23 interacts with mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter (MCU; CCDC109A) and MICU1 (CBARA1) while also increasing IMCU. In addition, SLC25A23 knockdown lowers basal mROS accumulation, attenuates oxidant-induced ATP decline, and reduces cell death. Further, reconstitution with short hairpin RNA-insensitive SLC25A23 cDNA restores mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake and superoxide production. These findings indicate that SLC25A23 plays an important role in mitochondrial matrix Ca(2+) influx.