PubMed 24489911

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1

Title: Inhibition of the K+ channel K(Ca)3.1 reduces TGF-β1-induced premature senescence, myofibroblast phenotype transition and proliferation of mesangial cells.

Authors: Rong-Guo Fu, Tao Zhang, Li Wang, Yan Du, Li-Ning Jia, Jing-Jing Hou, Gang-Lian Yao, Xiao-Dan Liu, Lei Zhang, Ling Chen, Bao-Song Gui, Rong-Liang Xue

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2014 , 9, e87410

PubMed link:

K(Ca)3.1 channel participates in many important cellular functions. This study planned to investigate the potential involvement of K(Ca)3.1 channel in premature senescence, myofibroblast phenotype transition and proliferation of mesangial cells.Rat mesangial cells were cultured together with TGF-β1 (2 ng/ml) and TGF-β1 (2 ng/ml) + TRAM-34 (16 nM) separately for specified times from 0 min to 60 min. The cells without treatment served as controls. The location of K(Ca)3.1 channels in mesangial cells was determined with Confocal laser microscope, the cell cycle of mesangial cells was assessed with flow cytometry, the protein and mRNA expression of K(Ca)3.1, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and fibroblast-specific protein-1 (FSP-1) were detected with Western blot and RT-PCR. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Student-Newman-Keuls-q test (SNK-q) were used to do statistical analysis. Statistical significance was considered at P<0.05.Kca3.1 channels were located in the cell membranes and/or in the cytoplasm of mesangial cells. The percentage of cells in G0-G1 phase and the expression of K(ca)3.1, α-SMA and FSP-1 were elevated under the induction of TGF-β1 when compared to the control and decreased under the induction of TGF-β1+TRAM-34 when compared to the TGF-β1 induced (P<0.05 or P<0.01).Targeted disruption of K(Ca)3.1 inhibits TGF-β1-induced premature aging, myofibroblast-like phenotype transdifferentiation and proliferation of mesangial cells.