PubMed 24495935

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Acetylsalicylic acid enhances tachyphylaxis of repetitive capsaicin responses in TRPV1-GFP expressing HEK293 cells.

Authors: Kristina Maurer, Uta Binzen, Handan Mörz, Peter Bugert, Angelika Schedel, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Wolfgang Greffrath

Journal, date & volume: Neurosci. Lett., 2014 Mar 20 , 563, 101-6

PubMed link:

Since many years acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is known for its antithrombotic, antiphlogistic and analgesic effects caused by irreversible acetylation of cyclooxygenase. ASA also inhibits capsaicin- and heat-induced responses in cultured dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons, suggesting TRPV1 (transient receptor potential channel of the vanilloid receptor family, subtype 1) to be an additional target of ASA. We now studied the effect of ASA on heterologously expressed rat TRPV1 using calcium microfluorimetry. Capsaicin dose-dependently increased intracellular calcium with an EC50 of 0.29 μM in rTRPV1 expressing HEK293 cells. During repetitive stimulation the second response to capsaicin was reduced (53.4 ± 8.3% compared to vehicle control; p<0.005; Student's unpaired t-test) by 1μM ASA, a concentration much below the one needed to inhibit cyclooxygenase (IC50 of 35 μM in thromboxane B2 production assay). In contrast, calcium transients induced by a single stimulus of 0.3 or 1 μM capsaicin were not significantly reduced by 0.3 or 1 μM ASA. These data suggest that ASA increases the tachyphylaxis of rTRPV1 channel activation. Mechanisms are unknown and may be direct by e.g. stabilization of the desensitized state or indirect via inhibition of intracellular signaling pathways e.g. of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family (MAPK/ERK).