PubMed 24710922

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4

Title: Extracellular magnesium and calcium reduce myotonia in isolated ClC-1 chloride channel-inhibited human muscle.

Authors: Martin Skov, Frank Vincenzo de Paoli, Jesper Lausten, Ole Baekgaard Nielsen, Thomas Holm Pedersen

Journal, date & volume: Muscle Nerve, 2015 Jan , 51, 65-71

PubMed link:

Experimental myotonia induced in rat muscle by ClC-1 chloride channel-inhibited has been shown to be related inversely to extracellular concentrations of Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) ([Mg(2+) ]o and [Ca(2+) ]o) within physiological ranges. Because this implicates a role for [Mg(2+)]o and [Ca(2+)]o in the variability of symptoms among myotonia congenita patients, we searched for similar effects of [Mg(2+)]o and [Ca(2+)]o on myotonia in human muscle.Bundles of muscle fibers were isolated from abdominal rectus in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Myotonia was induced by ClC-1 inhibition using 9-anthracene carboxylic acid (9-AC) and was assessed from integrals of force induced by 5-Hz stimulation for 2 seconds.Myotonia disappeared gradually when [Mg(2+)]o or [Ca(2+)]o were elevated throughout their physiological ranges. These effects of [Mg(2+)]o and [Ca(2+)]o were additive and interchangeable.These findings suggest that variations in symptoms in myotonia congenita patients may arise from physiological variations in serum Mg(2+) and Ca(2+).