PubMed 24737236

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.5

Title: Proton modulation of cardiac I Na: a potential arrhythmogenic trigger.

Authors: David K Jones, Peter C Ruben

Journal, date & volume: Handb Exp Pharmacol, 2014 , 221, 169-81

PubMed link:

Voltage-gated sodium (NaV) channels generate the upstroke and mediate duration of the ventricular action potential, thus they play a critical role in mediating cardiac excitability. Cardiac ischemia triggers extracellular pH to drop as low as pH 6.0, within just 10 min of its onset. Heightened proton concentrations reduce sodium conductance and alter the gating parameters of the cardiac-specific voltage-gated sodium channel, NaV1.5. Most notably, acidosis destabilizes fast inactivation, which plays a critical role in regulating action potential duration. The changes in NaV1.5 channel gating contribute to cardiac dysfunction during ischemia that can cause syncope, cardiac arrhythmia, and even sudden cardiac death. Understanding NaV channel modulation by protons is paramount to treatment and prevention of the deleterious effects of cardiac ischemia and other triggers of cardiac acidosis.