PubMed 24803527

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Automatically associated channels: ClvC4

Title: Aquaporin 3 knockdown suppresses tumour growth and angiogenesis in experimental non-small cell lung cancer.

Authors: Hui Xia, Yong-Fu Ma, Chang-Hai Yu, Ying-Jie Li, Jian Tang, Jing-Bo Li, Ying-Nan Zhao, Yang Liu

Journal, date & volume: Exp. Physiol., 2014 Jul , 99, 974-84

PubMed link:

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common diseases encountered in medical oncology practice. The aim of the present study was to test the antitumour effects of short-hairpin RNA targeting aquaporin 3 (AQP3) in experimental NSCLC. Expression of AQP3 was suppressed in human A549 and H1299 NSCLC cell lines by short-hairpin RNA-mediated silencing. Therapeutic effects were assessed by examining tumorigenicity using a subcutaneous xenograft mouse model of NSCLC. Aquaporin 3 knockdown inhibited tumour growth and prolonged survival of mice with tumours. Aquaporin 3 knockdown suppressed tumour proliferation, marked by enhanced expression of p53, an increased ratio of cleaved caspase 3 to pro-caspase 3 and reduced expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and B-cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2). Aquaporin 3 knockdown inhibited tumour angiogenesis, marked by decreased CD31 immunostaining and reduced expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-2α and vascular endothelial growth factor. Aquaporin 3 knockdown reduced cellular glycerol content and suppressed mitochondrial ATP formation. Aquaporin 3 knockdown in vitro significantly suppressed activities of matrix metalloproteinases MMP2 and MMP9, reduced AKT phosphorylation and decreased cell invasiveness of A549 and H1299 cells. In conclusion, AQP3 knockdown suppressed tumour growth and reduced angiogenesis in human NSCLS xenografts. Aquaporin 3 could thus be envisaged as a novel therapeutic target for NSCLC.