Channelpedia

PubMed 24850910


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC6



Title: Angiotensin II and canonical transient receptor potential-6 activation stimulate release of a signal transducer and activator of transcription 3-activating factor from mouse podocytes.

Authors: Mousa Abkhezr, Stuart E Dryer

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Pharmacol., 2014 Aug , 86, 150-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24850910


Abstract
Previous studies have shown that the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) in podocytes plays an important role in progression of HIV nephropathy and in collapsing forms of glomerulonephritis. Here, we have observed that application of 100 nM angiotensin II (Ang II) to cultured podocytes for 6-24 hours causes a marked increase in the phosphorylation of STAT3 on tyrosine Y705 but has no effect on phosphorylation at serine S727. By contrast, Ang II treatment of short periods (20-60 minutes) caused a small but consistent suppression of tyrosine phosphylation of STAT3. A similar biphasic effect was seen after treatment with the diacylglycerol analog 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG), an agent that causes activation of Ca(2+)-permeable canonical transient receptor potential-6 (TRPC6) channels in podocytes. The stimulatory effects of Ang II on STAT3 phosphorylation were abolished by small-interfering RNA knockdown of TRPC6 and also by inhibitors of the Ca(2+)-dependent downstream enzymes calcineurin and Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. The stimulatory effects of Ang II appear to be mediated by secretion and accumulation of an unknown factor into the surrounding medium, as they are no longer detected when medium is replaced every 2 hours even if Ang II is continuously present. By contrast, the inhibitory effect of Ang II on STAT3 phosphorylation persists with frequent medium changes. Experiments with neutralizing and inhibitory antibodies suggest that the STAT3 stimulatory factor secreted from podocytes is not interleukin-6, but also suggest that this factor exerts its actions through a receptor system that requires glycoprotein 130.