PubMed 24855042

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: Quaternary ammonium salt of U50488H, a new κ-opioid receptor agonist, protects rat heart against ischemia/reperfusion injury.

Authors: Qianmei Wang, Yang Sun, Juan Li, Wenjuan Xing, Shumiao Zhang, Xiaoming Gu, Na Feng, Lei Zhao, Rong Fan, Yuemin Wang, Wen Yin, Jianming Pei

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Pharmacol., 2014 Aug 15 , 737, 177-84

PubMed link:

To keep U50488H from going through the blood-brain barrier, U50488H, a selective κ-opioid receptor agonist, was structurally transformed into its quaternary ammonium salt (Q-U50488H). The effect of Q-U50488H on ischemic/reperfused myocardium and its underlying mechanisms were also investigated. U50488H was transformed into Q-U50488H, which was identified with mass spectrometry. The existences of U50488H and Q-U50488H in serum and brain tissue fluid were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). SD rats' hearts were subjected to 30min of ischemia followed by 120min of reperfusion in vivo. After reperfusion, myocardial enzymes and free radicals in serum, area of myocardial infarction, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and the expression of Kir6.2 in rats' myocardium were determined. Molecular weight and solubility of Q-U50488H were higher than those of U50488H. Result of HPLC showed that Q-U50488H existed in serum but not in brain tissue after Q-U50488H intravenous injection. However, U50488H was detected in both serum and brain tissue. Compared with the I/R group, treatment with Q-U50488H significantly attenuated the activity of LDH, CK, AST/GOT and content of MDA in serum, upregulated the activity of SOD, and increased the expression of myocardial Kir6.2. It also reduced myocardial infarct size and cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by I/R. Moreover, pretreatment with Nor-BNI (a selective κ-opioid receptor antagonist), 5-HD and glibenclamide (KATP antagonists) abolished the effects of Q-U50488H. It is suggested Q-U50488H, a new compound of κ-opioid receptor agonist, which is not able to pass the blood-brain barrier, elicits a protective effect against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. The cardioprotective effect of Q-U50488H is associated with the opening of KATP.