PubMed 24871786

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM7

Title: Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) contributes to H2O2-induced cardiac fibrosis via mediating Ca(2+) influx and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activation in cardiac fibroblasts.

Authors: Jin-Lei Guo, Yang Yu, Yan-Yan Jia, Yun-Zi Ma, Bo-Yu Zhang, Pei-qing Liu, Shao-Rui Chen, Jian-Min Jiang

Journal, date & volume: J. Pharmacol. Sci., 2014 , 125, 184-92

PubMed link:

Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7), a Ca(2+)-nonselective cation channel, plays a key role in the pathophysiological response of multiple cell types. However, the role of TRPM7 channels in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cardiac fibrosis remains unclear. This study aimed to explore whether TRPM7 channels are involved in H2O2-induced cardiac fibrosis and the underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that 2-aminoethoxydiphenylborate (2-APB), which is commonly used to block TRPM7 channels, inhibited H2O2-induced cardiac fibrosis via attenuating the overexpression of important fibrogenic biomarkers and growth factors in cardiac fibroblasts, including collagen type I (Col I), fibronectin (FN), smooth muscle α-actin (α-SMA), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). In addition, 2-APB also decreased H2O2-mediated elevation of the concentration of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i). Meanwhile, silencing TRPM7 channels by shRNA interference also impaired the increased [Ca(2+)]i and upregulation of Col I, FN, α-SMA, CTGF, and TGF-β1 induced by H2O2. Furthermore, we found that H2O2-mediated activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) decreased in TRPM7-shRNA cells and Ca(2+)-free culture media. These results demonstrated that TRPM7 channels contributed to H2O2-induced cardiac fibrosis and suggested that this contribution may be through mediating Ca(2+) influx and phosphorylation of ERK1/2.