PubMed 24907393

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Defective pre-mRNA splicing in PKD1 due to presumed missense and synonymous mutations causing autosomal dominant polycystic disease.

Authors: Francisco J Gonzalez-Paredes, Elena Ramos-Trujillo, Félix Claverie-Martín

Journal, date & volume: Gene, 2014 Aug 10 , 546, 243-9

PubMed link:

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common human monogenic disorder and is caused by mutations in the PKD1 or PKD2 genes. Most patients with the disease present mutations in PKD1, and a considerable number of these alterations are single base substitutions within the coding sequence that are usually predicted to lead to missense or synonymous mutations. There is growing evidence that some of these mutations can be detrimental by affecting the pre-mRNA splicing process. The aim of our study was to test PKD1 mutations, described as missense or synonymous in the literature or databases, for their effects on exon inclusion. Bioinformatics tools were used to select mutations with a potential effect on pre-mRNA splicing. Mutations were experimentally tested using minigene assays. Exons and adjacent intronic sequences were PCR-amplified and cloned in the splicing reporter minigene, and selected mutations were introduced by site-directed mutagenesis. Minigenes were transfected into kidney derived cell lines. RNA from cultured cells was analyzed by RT-PCR and DNA sequencing. Analysis of thirty-three PKD1 exonic mutations revealed three mutations that induce splicing defects. The substitution c.11156G>A, previously predicted as missense mutation p.R3719Q, abolished the donor splice site of intron 38 and resulted in the incorporation of exon 38 with 117bp of intron 38 and skipping of exon 39. Two synonymous variants, c.327A>T (p.G109G) and c.11257C>A (p.R3753R), generated strong donor splice sites within exons 3 and 39 respectively, resulting in incorporation of incomplete exons. These three nucleotide substitutions represent the first PKD1 exonic mutations that induce aberrant mRNAs. Our results strengthen the importance to evaluate the consequences of presumed missense and synonymous mutations at the mRNA level.