PubMed 24961979

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC

Title: The TRPCs-STIM1-Orai interaction.

Authors: Seok Choi, József Maléth, Archana Jha, Kyu Pil Lee, Min Seuk Kim, Insuk So, Malini Ahuja, Shmuel Muallem

Journal, date & volume: Handb Exp Pharmacol, 2014 , 223, 1035-54

PubMed link:

Ca(2+) signaling entails receptor-stimulated Ca(2+) release from the ER stores that serves as a signal to activate Ca(2+) influx channels present at the plasma membrane, the store-operated Ca(2+) channels (SOCs). The two known SOCs are the Orai and TRPC channels. The SOC-dependent Ca(2+) influx mediates and sustains virtually all Ca(2+)-dependent regulatory functions. The signal that transmits the Ca(2+) content of the ER stores to the plasma membrane is the ER resident, Ca(2+)-binding protein STIM1. STIM1 is a multidomain protein that clusters and dimerizes in response to Ca(2+) store depletion leading to activation of Orai and TRPC channels. Activation of the Orais by STIM1 is obligatory for their function as SOCs, while TRPC channels can function as both STIM1-dependent and STIM1-independent channels. Here we discuss the different mechanisms by which STIM1 activates the Orai and TRPC channels, the emerging specific and non-overlapping physiological functions of Ca(2+) influx mediated by the two channel types, and argue that the TRPC channels should be the preferred therapeutic target to control the toxic effect of excess Ca(2+) influx.