PubMed 24973806

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Enantioresolution, stereochemical characterization and biological activity of a chiral large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel opener.

Authors: Roccaldo Sardella, Andrea Carotti, Giuseppe Manfroni, Daniele Tedesco, Alma Martelli, Carlo Bertucci, Violetta Cecchetti, Benedetto Natalini

Journal, date & volume: J Chromatogr A, 2014 Oct 10 , 1363, 162-8

PubMed link:

A number of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channel openers based on the 2-aryl-1,4-benzothiazine scaffold were previously synthesized, and 2-(5-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-2H-1,4-benzothiazin-3(4H)-one (1) was identified as the most active compound. Since a stereoselective activation of BK channels was demonstrated for arylindolone derivatives, the effect of the absolute configuration at the C-2 position on the vasorelaxing potency of 2-aryl-1,4-benzothiazines is investigated in this article. Compound 1 was initially evaluated as a racemate: subsequently, the "racemic approach" was used to isolate its enantiomers. The excellent enantioresolution obtained using the Sepapak-4 column (CSP 4, cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-metylphenylcarbamate); RS=8.36; α=2.03) allowed to collect highly pure enantiomeric fractions, with enantiomeric excess (e.e.) values higher than 97% and 98% for the first- and second-eluted enantiomer, respectively. Electronic circular dichroism (ECD) studies on the two isolated enantiomers, combined with time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations allowed to characterize the configuration of the enantiomers and determine a (R), (S) elution order. Results from biological assays indicated that the racemate and the isolated enantiomers are endowed with comparable vasorelaxing potency.