PubMed 24989775

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3 , Slo1

Title: GAL-021, a new intravenous BKCa-channel blocker, is well tolerated and stimulates ventilation in healthy volunteers.

Authors: J F McLeod, J M Leempoels, S X Peng, S L Dax, L J Myers, F J Golder

Journal, date & volume: Br J Anaesth, 2014 Nov , 113, 875-83

PubMed link:

Potassium-channels in the carotid body and the brainstem are important regulators of ventilation. The BKCa-channel contains response elements for CO, O2, and CO2. Its block increases carotid body signalling, phrenic nerve activity, and respiratory drive. GAL-021, a new BKCa-channel blocker, increases minute ventilation in rats and non-human primates. This study assessed the single-dose safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PKs), and pharmacodynamics (PDs) of GAL-021 in healthy volunteers.Thirty subjects participated in a nine-period, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover, ascending dose, first-in-human study with i.v. infusions of 0.1-0.96 mg kg(-1) h(-1) for 1 h and intermediate doses up to 4 h.Adverse event rates were generally similar among dose levels and between placebo- and GAL-021-treated subjects. At higher GAL-021 doses, a mild/moderate burning sensation at the infusion site occurred during the infusion. No clinically significant changes in vital signs or clinical chemistries were noted. Minute ventilation increased (AUE0-1 h ≈ 16%, P<0.05) and end-tidal carbon dioxide ([Formula: see text]) decreased (AUE0-1 h ≈ 6%, P<0.05) during the first hour at 0.96 mg kg(-1) h(-1) with 1/2-maximal [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]-change occurring by 7.5 min. Drug concentration rose rapidly during the infusion and decreased rapidly initially (distribution t1/2 of 30 min) and then more slowly (terminal t1/2 of 5.6 h).GAL-021 was safe and generally well tolerated with adverse events comparable with placebo except for an infusion site burning sensation. GAL-021 stimulated ventilation at the highest doses suggesting that greater infusion rates may be required for maximum PD effects. GAL-021 had PK characteristics consistent with an acute care medication.