PubMed 25008323

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1 , Kv12.1

Title: The subfamily-specific assembly of Eag and Erg K+ channels is determined by both the amino and the carboxyl recognition domains.

Authors: Ting-Feng Lin, I-Wen Lin, Shu-Ching Chen, Hao-Han Wu, Chi-Sheng Yang, Hsin-Yu Fang, Mei-Miao Chiu, Chung-Jiuan Jeng

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2014 Aug 15 , 289, 22815-34

PubMed link:

A functional voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channel comprises four pore-forming α-subunits, and only members of the same Kv channel subfamily may co-assemble to form heterotetramers. The ether-à-go-go family of Kv channels (KCNH) encompasses three distinct subfamilies: Eag (Kv10), Erg (Kv11), and Elk (Kv12). Members of different ether-à-go-go subfamilies, such as Eag and Erg, fail to form heterotetramers. Although a short stretch of amino acid sequences in the distal C-terminal section has been implicated in subfamily-specific subunit assembly, it remains unclear whether this region serves as the sole and/or principal subfamily recognition domain for Eag and Erg. Here we aim to ascertain the structural basis underlying the subfamily specificity of ether-à-go-go channels by generating various chimeric constructs between rat Eag1 and human Erg subunits. Biochemical and electrophysiological characterizations of the subunit interaction properties of a series of different chimeric and truncation constructs over the C terminus suggested that the putative C-terminal recognition domain is dispensable for subfamily-specific assembly. Further chimeric analyses over the N terminus revealed that the N-terminal region may also harbor a subfamily recognition domain. Importantly, exchanging either the N-terminal or the C-terminal domain alone led to a virtual loss of the intersubfamily assembly boundary. By contrast, simultaneously swapping both recognition domains resulted in a reversal of subfamily specificity. Our observations are consistent with the notion that both the N-terminal and the C-terminal recognition domains are required to sustain the subfamily-specific assembly of rat Eag1 and human Erg.