PubMed 25068659

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1

Title: TRPA1 is required for TGF-β signaling and its loss blocks inflammatory fibrosis in mouse corneal stroma.

Authors: Yuka Okada, Kumi Shirai, Peter S Reinach, Ai Kitano-Izutani, Masayasu Miyajima, Kathleen C Flanders, James V Jester, Makoto Tominaga, Shizuya Saika

Journal, date & volume: Lab. Invest., 2014 Sep , 94, 1030-41

PubMed link:

We examined whether the loss of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), an irritant-sensing ion channel, or TRPA1 antagonist treatment affects the severity inflammation and scarring during tissue wound healing in a mouse cornea injury model. In addition, the effects of the absence of TRPA1 on transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-signaling activation were studied in cell culture. The lack of TRPA1 in cultured ocular fibroblasts attenuated expression of TGF-β1, interleukin-6, and α-smooth muscle actin, a myofibroblast the marker, but suppressed the activation of Smad3, p38 MAPK, ERK, and JNK. Stroma of the healing corneas of TRPA1(-/-) knockout (KO) mice appeared more transparent compared with those of wild-type mice post-alkali burn. Eye globe diameters were measured from photographs. An examination of the corneal surface and eye globes suggested the loss of TRPA1 suppressed post-alkali burn inflammation and fibrosis/scarring, which was confirmed by histology, immunohistochemistry, and gene expression analysis. Reciprocal bone marrow transplantation between mice showed that KO corneal tissue resident cells, but not KO bone marrow-derived cells, are responsible for KO mouse wound healing with reduced inflammation and fibrosis. Systemic TRPA1 antagonists reproduced the KO phenotype of healing. In conclusion, a loss or blocking of TRPA1 in mice reduces inflammation and fibrosis/scarring in the corneal stroma during wound healing following an alkali burn. The responsible mechanism may include the inhibition of TGF-β1-signaling cascades in fibroblasts by attenuated TRPA1 signaling. Inflammatory cells are considered to have a minimum involvement in the exhibition of the KO phenotype after injury.