Channelpedia

PubMed 25085940


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav3.1 , Cav3.2



Title: Ca(V)3.2 channels and the induction of negative feedback in cerebral arteries.

Authors: Osama F Harraz, Rasha R Abd El-Rahman, Kamran Bigdely-Shamloo, Sean M Wilson, Suzanne E Brett, Monica Romero, Albert L Gonzales, Scott Earley, Edward J Vigmond, Anders Nygren, Bijoy K Menon, Rania E Mufti, Tim Watson, Yves Starreveld, Tobias Furstenhaupt, Philip R Muellerleile, David T Kurjiaka, Barry D Kyle, Andrew P Braun, Donald G Welsh

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2014 Sep 12 , 115, 650-61

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25085940


Abstract
T-type (CaV3.1/CaV3.2) Ca(2+) channels are expressed in rat cerebral arterial smooth muscle. Although present, their functional significance remains uncertain with findings pointing to a variety of roles.This study tested whether CaV3.2 channels mediate a negative feedback response by triggering Ca(2+) sparks, discrete events that initiate arterial hyperpolarization by activating large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels.Micromolar Ni(2+), an agent that selectively blocks CaV3.2 but not CaV1.2/CaV3.1, was first shown to depolarize/constrict pressurized rat cerebral arteries; no effect was observed in CaV3.2(-/-) arteries. Structural analysis using 3-dimensional tomography, immunolabeling, and a proximity ligation assay next revealed the existence of microdomains in cerebral arterial smooth muscle which comprised sarcoplasmic reticulum and caveolae. Within these discrete structures, CaV3.2 and ryanodine receptor resided in close apposition to one another. Computational modeling revealed that Ca(2+) influx through CaV3.2 could repetitively activate ryanodine receptor, inducing discrete Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release events in a voltage-dependent manner. In keeping with theoretical observations, rapid Ca(2+) imaging and perforated patch clamp electrophysiology demonstrated that Ni(2+) suppressed Ca(2+) sparks and consequently spontaneous transient outward K(+) currents, large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel mediated events. Additional functional work on pressurized arteries noted that paxilline, a large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel inhibitor, elicited arterial constriction equivalent, and not additive, to Ni(2+). Key experiments on human cerebral arteries indicate that CaV3.2 is present and drives a comparable response to moderate constriction.These findings indicate for the first time that CaV3.2 channels localize to discrete microdomains and drive ryanodine receptor-mediated Ca(2+) sparks, enabling large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel activation, hyperpolarization, and attenuation of cerebral arterial constriction.