Channelpedia

PubMed 25088161


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1 , Nav1.4



Title: Cardiac arrhythmias in hypokalemic periodic paralysis: Hypokalemia as only cause?

Authors: Bas C Stunnenberg, Jaap Deinum, Thera P Links, Arthur A Wilde, Hessel Franssen, Gea Drost

Journal, date & volume: Muscle Nerve, 2014 Sep , 50, 327-32

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25088161


Abstract
It is unknown how often cardiac arrhythmias occur in hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP) and if they are caused by hypokalemia alone or other factors. This systematic review shows that cardiac arrhythmias were reported in 27 HypoPP patients. Cases were confirmed genetically (13 with an R528H mutation in CACNA1S, 1 an R669H mutation in SCN4A) or had a convincing clinical diagnosis of HypoPP (13 genetically undetermined) if reported prior to the availability of genetic testing. Arrhythmias occurred during severe hypokalemia (11 patients), between attacks at normokalemia (4 patients), were treatment-dependent (2 patients), or unspecified (10 patients). Nine patients died from arrhythmia. Convincing evidence for a pro-arrhythmogenic factor other than hypokalemia is still lacking. The role of cardiac expression of defective skeletal muscle channels in the heart of HypoPP patients remains unclear. Clinicians should be aware of and prevent treatment-induced cardiac arrhythmia in HypoPP.