Channelpedia

PubMed 14713306


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.2



Title: Enhancement of ischemia-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Kv1.2 by vascular endothelial growth factor via activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase.

Authors: Mei-Hong Qiu, Rong Zhang, Feng-Yan Sun

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurochem., 2003 Dec , 87, 1509-17

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14713306


Abstract
Our studies observed that, consistent with the literature, ischemic/hypoxic insults increased the expression of voltage-gated potassium channel (Kv) 1.2 potassium channel as well as elevating the endogenous level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in neurons of adult rat brain following middle cerebral artery occlusion and in SH-SY5Y cells after hypoxia and glucose deprivation. Concomitantly, we also observed that ischemic injury increased the tyrosine phosphorylation of Kv 1.2 in in vivo and in vitro; the introduction of exogenous VEGF could attenuate cell death in in vitro models. Furthermore, we found that the protective effect of VEGF is mediated through its up-regulative actions on the tyrosine phosphorylation of Kv 1.2, which in turn has a direct influence on cell viability after ischemic insult. In substantiation of this result, we used anti-sense methodology to suppress the expression of endogenous VEGF, which significantly inhibited the tyrosine phosphorylation of Kv 1.2 and increased cell death elicited by ischemic/hypoxic injury. Finally, the enhancement of the tyrosine phosphorylation of the channel by VEGF in neuronal cells was significantly attenuated in the presence of wortmannin, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), or genestin, an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase, thus suggesting that the phosphorylation of Kv 1.2 induced by VEGF is mechanistically linked to the PI3-K pathway.