PubMed 25158678

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Repeated intra-articular injections of acidic saline produce long-lasting joint pain and widespread hyperalgesia.

Authors: N Sugimura, M Ikeuchi, M Izumi, T Kawano, K Aso, T Kato, T Ushida, M Yokoyama, T Tani

Journal, date & volume: Eur J Pain, 2014 Aug 27 , ,

PubMed link:

Synovial fluid in inflamed joint shows a drop in pH, which activates proton-gated ion channels in nociceptors. No studies have ever tried to develop and characterize acid-induced joint pain.Rats were injected intra-articularly with pH 4.0 acidic saline twice, 5 days apart. Pain-related behaviour tests including weight-bearing asymmetry, paw withdrawal threshold and knee compression threshold were conducted. To clarify the roles of proton-gated ion channels, rats were injected intra-articularly with selective antagonists for ASIC1a, ASIC3 and TRPV1 on day 5 (before the second injection) or on day 14. Underlying peripheral and central pain mechanisms were evaluated using joint histology, interleukin-1β concentrations in the synovium, single-fibre recording of the knee afferent and expression of phosphorylated cyclic adenosine monophosphate-responsive element-binding protein (p-CREB) in the spinal dorsal horn.Repeated injections of acidic saline induced weight-bearing asymmetry, decrease in paw withdrawal threshold and knee compression threshold bilaterally, which lasted until day 28. Early administration of ASIC3 antagonist reduced the bilateral and long-lasting hyperalgesia. Neither articular degeneration nor synovial inflammation was observed. C-fibre of the knee afferent was activated by acidic saline, which was attenuated by pre-injection of ASIC3 antagonist. p-CREB expression was transiently up-regulated bilaterally on day 6, but not on day 14.We developed and characterized a model of acid-induced long-lasting bilateral joint pain. Peripheral ASIC3 and spinal p-CREB played important roles for the development of hyperalgesia. This animal model gives insights into the mechanisms of joint pain, which is helpful in developing better pain treatments.