PubMed 25209858

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: Prostasin interacts with the epithelial Na+ channel and facilitates cleavage of the γ-subunit by a second protease.

Authors: Marcelo D Carattino, Gunhild M Mueller, Lawrence G Palmer, Gustavo Frindt, Anna C Rued, Rebecca P Hughey, Thomas R Kleyman

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol., 2014 Nov 1 , 307, F1080-7

PubMed link:

During maturation, the α- and γ-subunits of the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) undergo proteolytic processing by furin. Cleavage of the γ-subunit by furin at the consensus site γRKRR143 and subsequent cleavage by a second protease at a distal site strongly activate the channel. For example, coexpression of prostasin with ENaC increases both channel function and cleavage at the γRKRK186 site. We generated a polyclonal antibody that recognizes the region 144-186 in the γ-subunit (anti-γ43) to determine whether prostasin promotes the release of the intervening tract between the putative furin and γRKRK186 cleavage sites. Anti-γ43 precipitated both full-length (93 kDa) and furin-processed (83 kDa) γ-subunits from extracts obtained from oocytes expressing αβHA-γ-V5 channels, but only the full-length (93 kDa) γ-subunit from oocytes expressing αβHA-γ-V5 channels and either wild-type or a catalytically inactive prostasin. Although both wild-type and catalytically inactive prostasin activated ENaCs in an aprotinin-sensitive manner, only wild-type prostasin bound to aprotinin beads, suggesting that catalytically inactive prostasin facilitates the cleavage of the γ-subunit by an endogenous protease in Xenopus oocytes. As dietary salt restriction increases cleavage of the renal γ-subunit, we assessed release of the 43-mer inhibitory tract on rats fed a low-Na+ diet. We found that a low-Na+ diet increased γ-subunit cleavage detected with the anti-γ antibody and dramatically reduced the fraction precipitated with the anti-γ43 antibody. Our results suggest that the inhibitory tract dissociates from the γ-subunit in kidneys from rats on a low-Na+ diet.