Channelpedia

PubMed 25210054


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.5



Title: Gain-of-function mutation of the SCN5A gene causes exercise-induced polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias.

Authors: Heikki Swan, Mohamed Yassine Amarouch, Jaakko Leinonen, Annukka Marjamaa, Jan P Kucera, Päivi J Laitinen-Forsblom, Annukka M Lahtinen, Aarno Palotie, Kimmo Kontula, Lauri Toivonen, Hugues Abriel, Elisabeth Widen

Journal, date & volume: Circ Cardiovasc Genet, 2014 Dec , 7, 771-81

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25210054


Abstract
Over the past 15 years, a myriad of mutations in genes encoding cardiac ion channels and ion channel interacting proteins have been linked to a long list of inherited atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic and functional determinants underlying exercise-induced polymorphic ventricular arrhythmia present in a large multigenerational family.A large 4-generation family presenting with exercise-induced polymorphic ventricular arrhythmia, which was followed for 10 years, was clinically characterized. A novel SCN5A mutation was identified via whole exome sequencing and further functionally evaluated by patch-clamp studies using human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Of 37 living family members, a total of 13 individuals demonstrated ≥50 multiformic premature ventricular complexes or ventricular tachycardia upon exercise stress tests when sinus rate exceeded 99±17 beats per minute. Sudden cardiac arrest occurred in 1 individual during follow-up. Exome sequencing identified a novel missense mutation (p.I141V) in a highly conserved region of the SCN5A gene, encoding the Nav1.5 sodium channel protein that cosegregated with the arrhythmia phenotype. The mutation p.I141V shifted the activation curve toward more negative potentials and increased the window current, whereas action potential simulations suggested that it lowered the excitability threshold of cardiac cells.Gain-of-function of Nav1.5 may cause familial forms of exercise-induced polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias.