PubMed 25249569

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1 , Slo1

Title: Hyperphosphorylation of RyRs underlies triggered activity in transgenic rabbit model of LQT2 syndrome.

Authors: Dmitry Terentyev, Colin M Rees, Weiyan Li, Leroy L Cooper, Hitesh K Jindal, Xuwen Peng, YiChun Lu, Radmila Terentyeva, Katja E Odening, Jean Daley, Kamana Bist, Bum-Rak Choi, Alain Karma, Gideon Koren

Journal, date & volume: Circ. Res., 2014 Nov 7 , 115, 919-28

PubMed link:

Loss-of-function mutations in human ether go-go (HERG) potassium channels underlie long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2) and are associated with fatal ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Previously, most studies focused on plasma membrane-related pathways involved in arrhythmogenesis in long QT syndrome, whereas proarrhythmic changes in intracellular Ca(2+) handling remained unexplored.We investigated the remodeling of Ca(2+) homeostasis in ventricular cardiomyocytes derived from transgenic rabbit model of LQT2 to determine whether these changes contribute to triggered activity in the form of early after depolarizations (EADs).Confocal Ca(2+) imaging revealed decrease in amplitude of Ca(2+) transients and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) content in LQT2 myocytes. Experiments using sarcoplasmic reticulum-entrapped Ca(2+) indicator demonstrated enhanced ryanodine receptor (RyR)-mediated sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) leak in LQT2 cells. Western blot analyses showed increased phosphorylation of RyR in LQT2 myocytes versus controls. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated loss of protein phosphatases type 1 and type 2 from the RyR complex. Stimulation of LQT2 cells with β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol resulted in prolongation of the plateau of action potentials accompanied by aberrant Ca(2+) releases and EADs, which were abolished by inhibition of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type 2. Computer simulations showed that late aberrant Ca(2+) releases caused by RyR hyperactivity promote EADs and underlie the enhanced triggered activity through increased forward mode of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger type 1.Hyperactive, hyperphosphorylated RyRs because of reduced local phosphatase activity enhance triggered activity in LQT2 syndrome. EADs are promoted by aberrant RyR-mediated Ca(2+) releases that are present despite a reduction of sarcoplasmic reticulum content. Those releases increase forward mode Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger type 1, thereby slowing repolarization and enabling L-type Ca(2+) current reactivation.