PubMed 25319702

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Multimodal use of calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P in itch and acute pain uncovered by the elimination of vesicular glutamate transporter 2 from transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 neurons.

Authors: Katarzyna Rogoz, Helena H Andersen, Malin C Lagerström, Klas Kullander

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2014 Oct 15 , 34, 14055-68

PubMed link:

Primary afferents are known to use glutamate as their principal fast neurotransmitter. However, it has become increasingly clear that peptides have an influential role in both mediating and modulating sensory transmission. Here we describe the transmission accounting for different acute pain states and itch transmitted via the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) population by either ablating Trpv1-Cre-expressing neurons or inducing vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGLUT2) deficiency in Trpv1-Cre-expressing neurons. Furthermore, by pharmacological inhibition of substance P or calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) signaling in Vglut2-deficient mice, we evaluated the contribution of substance P or CGRP to these sensory modulations, with or without the presence of VGLUT2-mediated glutamatergic transmission in Trpv1-Cre neurons. This examination, together with c-Fos analyses, showed that glutamate via VGLUT2 in the Trpv1-Cre population together with substance P mediate acute cold pain, whereas glutamate together with CGRP mediate noxious heat. Moreover, we demonstrate that glutamate together with both substance P and CGRP mediate tissue-injury associated pain. We further show that itch, regulated by the VGLUT2-mediated transmission via the Trpv1-Cre population, depends on CGRP and gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) transmission because pharmacological blockade of the CGRP or GRPR pathway, or genetic ablation of Grpr, led to a drastically attenuated itch. Our study reveals how different neurotransmitters combined can cooperate with each other to transmit or regulate various acute sensations, including itch.