PubMed 25354529

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1

Title: The SUR2B subunit of rat vascular KATP channel is targeted by miR-9a-3p induced by prolonged exposure to methylglyoxal.

Authors: Shan-Shan Li, Yang Wu, Xin Jin, Chun Jiang

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2015 Jan 15 , 308, C139-45

PubMed link:

ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels regulate plasma membrane excitability. The Kir6.1/SUR2B isoform of K(ATP) channels is expressed in vascular smooth muscles and plays an important role in vascular tone regulation. This K(ATP) channel is targeted by several reactive species. One of them is methylglyoxal (MGO), which is overly produced with persistent hyperglycemia and contributes to diabetic vascular complications. We have previously found that MGO causes posttranscriptional inhibition of the K(ATP) channel, aggravating vascular tone regulation. Here we show evidence for the underlying molecular mechanisms. We screened microRNA databases and found several candidates. Of them, miR-9a-3p, increased its expression level by ∼240% when the cultured smooth muscle cell line was exposed to micromolar concentrations of MGO. Treatments with exogenous miR-9a-3p downregulated the SUR2B but not Kir6.1 mRNA. Antisense nucleotides of miR-9a-3p alleviated the effects of MGO. Quantitative PCR showed that the targeting sites of the miR-9a-3p were likely to be in the coding region of SUR2B. The effects of miR-9a-3p were mostly eliminated when the potential targeting site in SUR2B was site-specifically mutated. Our functional assays showed that K(ATP) currents were impaired by miR-9a-3p induced with MGO treatment. These results suggest that MGO exposure raises the expression of miR-9a-3p, which subsequently downregulates the SUR2B mRNA, compromising K(ATP) channel function in vascular smooth muscle.