PubMed 25378404

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM2 , TRPM4 , TRPM5 , TRPM8

Title: Negatively charged amino acids near and in transient receptor potential (TRP) domain of TRPM4 channel are one determinant of its Ca2+ sensitivity.

Authors: Soichiro Yamaguchi, Akira Tanimoto, Ken-ichi Otsuguro, Hiroshi Hibino, Shigeo Ito

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2014 Dec 19 , 289, 35265-82

PubMed link:

Transient receptor potential (TRP) channel melastatin subfamily member 4 (TRPM4) is a broadly expressed nonselective monovalent cation channel. TRPM4 is activated by membrane depolarization and intracellular Ca(2+), which is essential for the activation. The Ca(2+) sensitivity is known to be regulated by calmodulin and membrane phosphoinositides, such as phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2). Although these regulators must play important roles in controlling TRPM4 activity, mutation analyses of the calmodulin-binding sites have suggested that Ca(2+) binds to TRPM4 directly. However, the intrinsic binding sites in TRPM4 remain to be elucidated. Here, by using patch clamp and molecular biological techniques, we show that there are at least two functionally different divalent cation-binding sites, and the negatively charged amino acids near and in the TRP domain in the C-terminal tail of TRPM4 (Asp-1049 and Glu-1062 of rat TRPM4) are required for maintaining the normal Ca(2+) sensitivity of one of the binding sites. Applications of Co(2+), Mn(2+), or Ni(2+) to the cytosolic side potentiated TRPM4 currents, increased the Ca(2+) sensitivity, but were unable to evoke TRPM4 currents without Ca(2+). Mutations of the acidic amino acids near and in the TRP domain, which are conserved in TRPM2, TRPM5, and TRPM8, deteriorated the Ca(2+) sensitivity in the presence of Co(2+) or PI(4,5)P2 but hardly affected the sensitivity to Co(2+) and PI(4,5)P2. These results suggest a novel role of the TRP domain in TRPM4 as a site responsible for maintaining the normal Ca(2+) sensitivity. These findings provide more insights into the molecular mechanisms of the regulation of TRPM4 by Ca(2+).