Channelpedia

PubMed 25450184


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.4



Title: Sialic acids attached to N- and O-glycans within the Nav1.4 D1S5-S6 linker contribute to channel gating.

Authors: Andrew R Ednie, Jean M Harper, Eric S Bennett

Journal, date & volume: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2015 Feb , 1850, 307-17

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25450184


Abstract
Voltage-gated Na+ channels (Nav) are responsible for the initiation and conduction of neuronal and muscle action potentials. Nav gating can be altered by sialic acids attached to channel N-glycans, typically through isoform-specific electrostatic mechanisms.Using two sets of Chinese Hamster Ovary cell lines with varying abilities to glycosylate glycoproteins, we show for the first time that sialic acids attached to O-glycans and N-glycans within the Nav1.4 D1S5-S6 linker modulate Nav gating.All measured steady-state and kinetic parameters were shifted to more depolarized potentials under conditions of essentially no sialylation. When sialylation of only N-glycans or of only O-glycans was prevented, the observed voltage-dependent parameter values were intermediate between those observed under full versus no sialylation. Immunoblot gel shift analyses support the biophysical data.The data indicate that sialic acids attached to both N- and O-glycans residing within the Nav1.4 D1S5-S6 linker modulate channel gating through electrostatic mechanisms, with the relative contribution of sialic acids attached to N- versus O-glycans on channel gating being similar.Protein N- and O-glycosylation can modulate ion channel gating simultaneously. These data also suggest that environmental, metabolic, and/or congenital changes in glycosylation that impact sugar substrate levels, could lead, potentially, to changes in Nav sialylation and gating that would modulate AP waveforms and conduction.