PubMed 25517196

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Irritant volatile anesthetics induce neurogenic inflammation through TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels in the isolated mouse trachea.

Authors: Tatjana I Kichko, Florian Niedermirtl, Andreas Leffler, Peter W Reeh

Journal, date & volume: Anesth. Analg., 2015 Feb , 120, 467-71

PubMed link:

Irritating effects of volatile general anesthetics on tracheal nerve endings and resulting spastic reflexes in the airways are not completely understood with respect to molecular mechanisms. Neuropeptide release and neurogenic inflammation play an established role.The basal and stimulated calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release from the isolated superfused mouse trachea was analyzed as an index of sensory neuron activation, applying irritant (desflurane and isoflurane) and nonirritant (sevoflurane) volatile anesthetics as stimuli. Various gas concentrations (0.5-, 1-, or 2-fold minimum alveolar concentration [MAC]) and different O2 atmospheres were used for tracheal stimulation at 38°C. Null mutants of the capsaicin receptor TRPV1 and of the chemoreceptor TRPA1, as well as double knockout mice, were used as tissue donors.Desflurane and, less so, isoflurane caused a concentration-dependent tracheal CGRP release, both saturating at 1 MAC (human), that is, 6% and 1.25%, respectively. With desflurane, the O2 concentration (25% or 94%) did not make a difference. Sevoflurane 1 MAC did not activate tracheal CGRP release. TRPV1 mice showed 75% reduced desflurane responses, and TRPA1 and double-null mutants showed no responses at all.Our results confirm the clinical experience that desflurane is more irritating than isoflurane at equal anesthetic gas concentration, whereas sevoflurane does not activate tracheobronchial sensory nerves to release neuropeptides and induce neurogenic inflammation. Both irritant receptor channels, TRPA1 more than TRPV1, are involved in mediating the adverse effects that may even extend to systemic proinflammatory sequelae.