Channelpedia

PubMed 25517724


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1



Title: A long isoform of the epithelial sodium channel alpha subunit forms a highly active channel.

Authors: Jonathan M Berman, Cristin Brand, Mouhamed S Awayda

Journal, date & volume: Channels (Austin), 2015 Jan 2 , 9, 30-43

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25517724


Abstract
A long isoform of the human Epithelial Sodium Channel (ENaC) α subunit has been identified, but little data exist regarding the properties or regulation of channels formed by α728. The baseline whole cell conductance of oocytes expressing trimeric α728βγ channels was 898.1±277.2 and 49.59±13.2 µS in low and high sodium solutions, respectively, and was 11 and 2 fold higher than the conductances of α669βγ in same solutions. α728βγ channels were also 2 to 5 fold less sensitive to activation by the serine proteases subtilisin and trypsin than α669βγ in low and high Na+ conditions. The long isoform exhibited lower levels of full length and cleaved protein at the plasma membrane and a rightward shifted sensitivity to inhibition by increases of [Na+]i. Both channels displayed similar single channel conductances of 4 pS, and both were activated to a similar extent by reducing temperature, altogether indicating that activation of baseline conductance of α728βγ was likely mediated by enhanced channel activity or open probability. Expression of α728 in native kidneys was validated in human urinary exosomes. These data demonstrate that the long isoform of αENaC forms the structural basis of a channel with different activity and regulation, which may not be easily distinguishable in native tissue, but may underlie sodium hyperabsorption and salt sensitive differences in humans.