PubMed 25712175

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPM , TRPM8

Title: Pharmacological mechanism underlying the antinociceptive activity of vanillic acid.

Authors: María de Los Angeles Yrbas, Florencia Morucci, Rosario Alonso, Susana Gorzalczany

Journal, date & volume: Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav., 2015 Feb 21 , 132, 88-95

PubMed link:

Vanillic acid is found at high concentrations in many plants used in traditional medicine. It has been associated with a variety of pharmacologic activities such as carcinogenesis inhibition, apoptosis and inflammation; however, it has become most popular for its pleasant creamy odor. Since there are few reports concerning the antinociceptive activity of this phenolic compound, the aim of this work was to study this activity in in vivo animal models. Vanillic acid was administered by the intraperitoneal route producing a dose-dependent inhibition of the acetic acid-induced writhing response (ED50: 9.3mg/kg). The antinociceptive activity was inhibited by the pretreatment with ondansetron and yohimbine, indicating that the serotoninergic and adrenergic systems could participate in the mechanism underlying the analgesic activity of vanillic acid. This compound was also demonstrated to interact with ASICs (Acid-sensing Ion Channels) as well as with TPRV1, TRPA1, and TRPM8 receptors in vivo. Furthermore, vanillic acid did not interfere with the locomotor function or motor coordination. The plasmatic phenolic content, analyzed by HPLC, showed that its t1/2 and AUC were 0.123h and 1.38μg·h/mL; respectively. In conclusion, vanillic acid might represent a potential therapeutic option for the treatment of pain.