Channelpedia

PubMed 25770776


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1



Title: Computational investigations of hERG channel blockers: New insights and current predictive models.

Authors: Bruno O Villoutreix, Olivier Taboureau

Journal, date & volume: Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev., 2015 Mar 12 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25770776


Abstract
Identification of potential human Ether-a-go-go Related-Gene (hERG) potassium channel blockers is an essential part of the drug development and drug safety process in pharmaceutical industries or academic drug discovery centers, as they may lead to drug-induced QT prolongation, arrhythmia and Torsade de Pointes. Recent reports also suggest starting to address such issues at the hit selection stage. In order to prioritize molecules during the early drug discovery phase and to reduce the risk of drug attrition due to cardiotoxicity during pre-clinical and clinical stages, computational approaches have been developed to predict the potential hERG blockage of new drug candidates. In this review, we will describe the current in silico methods developed and applied to predict and to understand the mechanism of actions of hERG blockers, including ligand-based and structure-based approaches. We then discuss ongoing research on other ion channels and hERG polymorphism susceptible to be involved in LQTS and how systemic approaches can help in the drug safety decision.