PubMed 15306635

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: Dynamic beat-to-beat modeling of the QT-RR interval relationship: analysis of QT prolongation during alterations of autonomic state versus human ether a-go-go-related gene inhibition.

Authors: Anthony A Fossa, Todd Wisialowski, Anthony Magnano, Eric Wolfgang, Roxanne Winslow, William Gorczyca, Kimberly Crimin, David L Raunig

Journal, date & volume: J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 2005 Jan , 312, 1-11

PubMed link:

Methods to correct the QT interval for heart rate are often in disagreement and may be further confounded by changes in autonomic state. This can be problematic when trying to distinguish the changes in QT interval by either drug-induced delayed repolarization or from autonomic-mediated physiological responses. Assessment of the canine dynamic QT-RR interval relationship was visualized by novel programming of the dynamic beat-to-beat confluence of data or "clouds". To represent the nonuniformity of the clouds, a bootstrap sampling method that computes the mathematical center of the uncorrected beat-to-beat QT value (QTbtb) with upper 95% confidence bounds was adopted and compared with corrected QT (QTc) using standard correction factors. Nitroprusside-induced reflex tachycardia reduced QTbtb by 43 ms, whereas an increase of 55 and 16 ms was obtained using the Bazett (QTcB) and Fridericia (QTcF) formulae, respectively. Phenylephrine-induced reflex bradycardia increased QTbtb by 3 ms but decreased QTcB by 20 ms and QTcF by 12 ms. Delayed repolarization with E-4031 (1-[2-(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)ethyl]-4-methylsulfonylaminobenzoyl)-piperidine), an inhibitor of rectifier potassium current, increased QTbtb by 26 ms but QT prolongation calculations using QTcF and QTcB were between 12 and 52% less, respectively, when small decreases in heart rate (5-8 beats per minute) were apparent. Dynamic assessment of beat-to-beat data, using the bootstrap method, allows quantification of QT interval changes under varying conditions of heart rate, autonomic tone, and direct repolarization that may not be distinguishable with use of standard correction factors.