PubMed 23680436

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Association of genetic variation in CACNA1C with bipolar disorder in Han Chinese.

Authors: Xu Zhang, Chen Zhang, Zhiguo Wu, Zuowei Wang, Daihui Peng, Jun Chen, Wu Hong, Chengmei Yuan, Zezhi Li, Shunying Yu, Yiru Fang

Journal, date & volume: J Affect Disord, 2013 Sep 5 , 150, 261-5

PubMed link:

A growing body of evidence highlights the existence of shared genetic susceptibility to both major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD), suggesting some potential genetic overlap between the disorders. Genome-wide association studies have identified consistent association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of the α-1 C subunit of the L-type voltage-gated calcium channel gene (CACNA1C) with MDD and BD, suggesting CACNA1C as a promising candidate gene for susceptibility to mood disorders. In the present study, we tested the association of CACNA1C with MDD and BD in Han Chinese.We genotyped three potentially functional polymorphisms in 635 MDD patients, 286 BD patients and 730 normal, control patients.The genotype frequencies of SNP rs1051375 showed statistically significant differences between the BD and control groups (P=0.005). At the allele level, the difference of G allele frequency of rs1051375 between BD patients and control subjects was also significant (P=0.011; OR=1.30, 95% CI: 1.06-1.58). We found that GG genotype of rs1051375 carriers had a lower age at onset than those with the AG or AA genotype, and the mean±standard deviation ages at onset of GG, AG and AA carriers were 24.04±4.22, 25.76±4.75 and 25.78±4.33 years, respectively. Neither genotype nor allele frequencies of the three polymorphisms were found to be significantly different between the MDD patients and control subjects.The relative small sample size in BD group should be considered a limitation of this study.Our initial findings support a potential association of CACNA1C as a genetic risk factor for BD susceptibility.