PubMed 23682725

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC3

Title: Canonical transient receptor potential 3 channel triggers vascular endothelial growth factor-induced intracellular Ca2+ oscillations in endothelial progenitor cells isolated from umbilical cord blood.

Authors: Silvia Dragoni, Umberto Laforenza, Elisa Bonetti, Francesco Lodola, Cinzia Bottino, Germano Guerra, Alessandro Borghesi, Mauro Stronati, Vittorio Rosti, Franco Tanzi, Francesco Moccia

Journal, date & volume: Stem Cells Dev., 2013 Oct 1 , 22, 2561-80

PubMed link:

Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are the only endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) that are capable of acquiring a mature endothelial phenotype. ECFCs are mainly mobilized from bone marrow to promote vascularization and represent a promising tool for cell-based therapy of severe ischemic diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulates the proliferation of peripheral blood-derived ECFCs (PB-ECFCs) through oscillations in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i). VEGF-induced Ca(2+) spikes are driven by the interplay between inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-dependent Ca(2+) release and store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). The therapeutic potential of umbilical cord blood-derived ECFCs (UCB-ECFCs) has also been shown in recent studies. However, VEGF-induced proliferation of UCB-ECFCs is faster compared with their peripheral counterpart. Unlike PB-ECFCs, UCB-ECFCs express canonical transient receptor potential channel 3 (TRPC3) that mediates diacylglycerol-dependent Ca(2+) entry. The present study aimed at investigating whether the higher proliferative potential of UCB-ECFCs was associated to any difference in the molecular underpinnings of their Ca(2+) response to VEGF. We found that VEGF induces oscillations in [Ca(2+)]i that are patterned by the interaction between InsP3-dependent Ca(2+) release and SOCE. Unlike PB-ECFCs, VEGF-evoked Ca(2+) oscillations do not arise in the absence of extracellular Ca(2+) entry and after pharmacological (with Pyr3 and flufenamic acid) and genetic (by employing selective small interference RNA) suppression of TRPC3. VEGF-induced UCB-ECFC proliferation is abrogated on inhibition of the intracellular Ca(2+) spikes. Therefore, the Ca(2+) response to VEGF in UCB-ECFCs is shaped by a different Ca(2+) machinery as compared with PB-ECFCs, and TRPC3 stands out as a promising target in EPC-based treatment of ischemic pathologies.