PubMed 23683279

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1 , TRP , TRPV , TRPV1 , TRPV2 , TRPV4

Title: Hypotonic-induced stretching of plasma membrane activates transient receptor potential vanilloid channels and sodium-calcium exchangers in mouse odontoblasts.

Authors: Masaki Sato, Ubaidus Sobhan, Maki Tsumura, Hidetaka Kuroda, Manabu Soya, Aya Masamura, Akihiro Nishiyama, Akira Katakura, Tatsuya Ichinohe, Masakazu Tazaki, Yoshiyuki Shibukawa

Journal, date & volume: J Endod, 2013 Jun , 39, 779-87

PubMed link:

A number of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels have been identified as membrane-bound sensory proteins in odontoblasts. However, the activation properties of these channels remain to be clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate hypotonic stimulation-induced Ca(2+) entry via TRP vanilloid subfamily member (TRPV) 1, TRPV2, and TRPV4 channels, which are sensitive to osmotic and mechanical stimuli, and their functional coupling with Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchangers (NCXs) in mouse odontoblast lineage cells.We examined TRP channel activity by measuring intracellular-free Ca(2+) concentration by using fura-2 fluorescence and ionic current recordings with whole-cell patch-clamp methods. Protein localization and messenger RNA expression were characterized using immunofluorescence and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses.Extracellular hypotonic solution-induced stretching of plasma membrane resulted in the activation of Ca(2+) influx and inward currents. TRPV1, TRPV2, and TRPV4 channel antagonists inhibited the hypotonic stimulation-induced Ca(2+) entry and currents. Their respective agonists activated Ca(2+) entry. Although the increase in the intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration decayed rapidly after the applications of these TRPV channel agonists, NCX inhibitors significantly prolonged the decay time constant. The messenger RNA expression of TRPV1, TRPV2, and TRPV4 channels; NCX isoforms 2 and 3; and dentin sialophosphoprotein were up-regulated after 24 hours of exposure to the hypotonic culture medium.These results indicate that stretching of the odontoblast membrane activates TRPV1-, TRPV2-, and TRPV4-mediated Ca(2+) entry, and increased intracellular-free Ca(2+) concentration is extruded via NCXs. These results suggest that odontoblasts can act as sensors that detect stimuli applied to exposed dentin and drive a number of cellular functions including dentinogenesis and/or sensory transduction.