PubMed 15245486

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.2 , Slo1

Title: Induction of pseudo-periodic oscillation in voltage-gated sodium channel properties is dependent on the duration of prolonged depolarization.

Authors: Sriparna Majumdar, Grant Foster, Sujit K Sikdar

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Neurosci., 2004 Jul , 20, 127-43

PubMed link:

The neuronal voltage-gated sodium channels play a vital role in the action potential waveform shaping and propagation. Here, we report the effects of prolonged depolarization (1-160 s) on the detailed kinetics of activation, fast inactivation and recovery from slow inactivation in the rNa(v)1.2a voltage-gated sodium channel alpha-subunit expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Wavelet analysis revealed that the duration and amplitude of a prolonged sustained depolarization altered all the steady state and kinetic parameters of the channel in a pseudo-oscillatory fashion with time-variable period and amplitude, often superimposed on a linear trend. The half steady state activation potential showed a reversible depolarizing shift of 5-10 mV with duration of prolonged depolarization, while half steady state inactivation potential showed a hyperpolarizing shift of 43-55 mV. The time periods for most of the parameters relating to activation and fast and slow inactivation, lie close to 28-30 s, suggesting coupling of these kinetic processes through an oscillatory mechanism. Co-expression of the beta1-subunit affected the time periods of oscillation (close to 22 s for alpha + beta1) in steady state activation parameters. Application of a pulse protocol that mimicked paroxysmal depolarizing shift (PDS), a kind of depolarization seen in epileptic discharges, instead of a sustained depolarization, also caused oscillatory behaviour in the rNav1.2a alpha-subunit. This inherent pseudo-oscillatory mechanism may regulate excitability of the neurons, account for the epileptic discharges and subthreshold membrane potential oscillation and offer a molecular memory mechanism intrinsic to the neurons, independent of synaptic plasticity.