Channelpedia

PubMed 23839268


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2



Title: Mechanisms underlying the modulation of L-type Ca2+ channel by hydrogen peroxide in guinea pig ventricular myocytes.

Authors: Lei Yang, Jianjun Xu, Etsuko Minobe, Lifeng Yu, Rui Feng, Asako Kameyama, Kazuto Yazawa, Masaki Kameyama

Journal, date & volume: J Physiol Sci, 2013 Nov , 63, 419-26

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23839268


Abstract
Although Cav1.2 Ca(2+) channels are modulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on the Ca(2+) channel using a patch-clamp technique in guinea pig ventricular myocytes. Externally applied H2O2 (1 mM) increased Ca(2+) channel activity in the cell-attached mode. A specific inhibitor of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) KN-93 (10 μM) partially attenuated the H2O2-mediated facilitation of the channel, suggesting both CaMKII-dependent and -independent pathways. However, in the inside-out mode, 1 mM H2O2 increased channel activity in a KN-93-resistant manner. Since H2O2-pretreated calmodulin did not reproduce the H2O2 effect, the target of H2O2 was presumably assigned to the Ca(2+) channel itself. A thiol-specific oxidizing agent mimicked and occluded the H2O2 effect. These results suggest that H2O2 facilitates the Ca(2+) channel through oxidation of cysteine residue(s) in the channel as well as the CaMKII-dependent pathway.