PubMed 23871704

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: Heterogeneity and function of K(ATP) channels in canine hearts.

Authors: Hai Xia Zhang, Jonathan R Silva, Yu-Wen Lin, John W Verbsky, Urvi S Lee, Evelyn M Kanter, Kathryn A Yamada, Richard B Schuessler, Colin G Nichols

Journal, date & volume: Heart Rhythm, 2013 Oct , 10, 1576-83

PubMed link:

The concept that pore-forming Kir6.2 and regulatory SUR2A subunits form cardiac ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels is challenged by recent reports that SUR1 is predominant in mouse atrial K(ATP) channels.To assess SUR subunit composition of K(ATP) channels and consequence of K(ATP) activation for action potential duration (APD) in dog hearts.Patch-clamp techniques were used on isolated dog cardiomyocytes to investigate K(ATP) channel properties. Dynamic current clamp, by injection of a linear K(+) conductance to simulate activation of the native current, was used to study the consequences of K(ATP) activation on APD.Metabolic inhibitor (MI)-activated current was not significantly different from pinacidil (SUR2A-specific)-activated current, and both currents were larger than diazoxide (SUR1-specific)-activated current in both the atrium and the ventricle. Mean K(ATP) conductance (activated by MI) did not differ significantly between chambers, although, within the ventricle, both MI-induced and pinacidil-induced currents tended to decrease from the epicardium to the endocardium. Dynamic current-clamp results indicate that myocytes with longer baseline APDs are more susceptible to injected K(ATP) current, a result reproduced in silico by using a canine action potential model (Hund-Rudy) to simulate epicardial and endocardial myocytes.Even a small fraction of K(ATP) activation significantly shortens APD in a manner that depends on existing heterogeneity in K(ATP) current and APD.