Channelpedia

PubMed 23872983


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1



Title: Identification of molecular determinants for a potent mammalian TRPA1 antagonist by utilizing species differences.

Authors: Kazumasa Nakatsuka, Rupai Gupta, Shigeru Saito, Nagako Banzawa, Kenji Takahashi, Makoto Tominaga, Toshio Ohta

Journal, date & volume: J. Mol. Neurosci., 2013 Nov , 51, 754-62

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23872983


Abstract
The transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) receptor is a member of the TRP family and an excitatory nonselective cation channel. An increasing body of evidence suggests that TRPA1 acts as a nociceptor for various chemicals and physical stimuli. Thus, many TRPA1 antagonists have been developed as analgesic agents. Recently, we found that AP18, a mammalian TRPA1 antagonist, does not inhibit heterologously expressed western clawed frog TRPA1 (fTRPA1). Here, we show that fTRPA1 is also insensitive to A967079, one of the most potent mammalian TRPA1 antagonists. Neither heterologously nor endogenously expressed fTRPA1 was inhibited by A967079 upon activation by TRPA1 agonists. Mutant channel analyses revealed that two specific amino acid residues located within the putative fifth transmembrane domain were involved in the inhibitory action of A967079. Our findings and previous reports based on species differences in the sensitivity to TRPA1 antagonists provide novel insights into the structure-function relationship of TRPA1 and supply useful information in the search for new analgesic medicines targeting TRPA1.