Channelpedia

PubMed 24079969


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2



Title: Intracellular Ca(2+) remodeling during the phenotypic journey of human coronary smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Eva Muñoz, Miriam Hernández-Morales, Diego Sobradillo, Asuncion Rocher, Lucía Núñez, Carlos Villalobos

Journal, date & volume: Cell Calcium, 2013 Nov , 54, 375-85

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24079969


Abstract
Vascular smooth muscle cells undergo phenotypic switches after damage which may contribute to proliferative disorders of the vessel wall. This process has been related to remodeling of Ca(2+) channels. We have tested the ability of cultured human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (hCASMCs) to return from a proliferative to a quiescent behavior and the contribution of intracellular Ca(2+) remodeling to the process. We found that cultured, early passage hCASMCs showed a high proliferation rate, sustained increases in cytosolic [Ca(2+)] in response to angiotensin II, residual voltage-operated Ca(2+) entry, increased Stim1 and enhanced store-operated currents. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibited store-operated Ca(2+) entry and abolished cell proliferation in a mitochondria-dependent manner. After a few passages, hCASMCs turned to a quiescent phenotype characterized by lack of proliferation, oscillatory Ca(2+) response to angiotensin II, increased Ca(2+) store content, enhanced voltage-operated Ca(2+) entry and Cav1.2 expression, and decreases in Stim1, store-operated current and store-operated Ca(2+) entry. We conclude that proliferating hCASMCs return to quiescence and this switch is associated to a remodeling of Ca(2+) channels and their control by subcellular organelles, thus providing a window of opportunity for targeting phenotype-specific Ca(2+) channels involved in proliferation.