Channelpedia

PubMed 24103758


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK3



Title: AMPK regulates K(ATP) channel trafficking via PTEN inhibition in leptin-treated pancreatic β-cells.

Authors: Sun-Hyun Park, Won-Kyung Ho, Ju-Hong Jeon

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2013 Nov 1 , 440, 539-44

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24103758


Abstract
Leptin regulates pancreatic β-cell excitability through AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-mediated ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel trafficking. However, the signaling components connecting AMPK to KATP channel trafficking are not identified. In this study, we discovered that AMPK inhibits phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) via glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) and this signaling pathway is crucial for KATP channel trafficking in leptin-treated pancreatic β-cells. Pharmacologic or genetic inhibition of AMPK or GSK3β, but not casein kinase 2 (CK2), impaired leptin-induced PTEN inactivation and thereby KATP channel trafficking. The PTEN mutant lacking both protein and lipid phosphatase activity is sufficient to induce KATP channel trafficking without leptin. These results present a novel signaling mechanism that underlies leptin regulation of KATP channel trafficking in pancreatic β-cells. Our findings assist in gaining a broader perspective on the peripheral action of leptin on pancreatic β-cell physiology and glucose homeostasis.