PubMed 14608006

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Slo1

Title: Inactivation and recovery in Kv1.4 K+ channels: lipophilic interactions at the intracellular mouth of the pore.

Authors: Glenna C L Bett, Randall L Rasmusson

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2004 Apr 1 , 556, 109-20

PubMed link:

C-type inactivation is present in many voltage-gated potassium channels and is probably related to 'slow' inactivation in calcium and sodium channels. The mechanisms underlying C-type inactivation are unclear, but it is sensitive to mutations on both the extra- and intracellular sides of the channel. We used an N-terminal deleted channel with a valine to alanine point mutation at the intracellular side of S6 (fKv1.4[V561A]DeltaN). This construct alters recovery from inactivation and inverts the relationship between C-type inactivation and [K(+)](o). We used this inverted relationship to examine C-type inactivation and coupling mechanisms between N- and C-type inactivation. The valine to alanine mutation reduces the channel's affinity for both quinidine and the N-terminal domain. However, binding of the N-terminal or quinidine restores normal recovery from inactivation. This suggests that coupling between N- and C-type inactivation is dominated by allosteric mechanisms. The permeation mechanism, driven by a reduction in permeant [K(+)](o) following pore block (which would retard C-type inactivation), contributes minimally to coupling in these channels. We propose that the cytoplasmic half of S6 forms part of the N-terminal binding site, as previously predicted from X-ray crystallography studies in the distantly related KcsA channel. Binding of the N-terminal domain or a positively charged lipophilic compound such as quinidine interacts with the hydrophobic moieties on S6 in the bound state. This binding can orientate S6 into a conformation which resembles the normal C-type inactivated state. This is the probable mechanism by which drug or N-terminal binding increases the rate of C-type inactivation via an allosteric mechanism.