Channelpedia

PubMed 24133349


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , KCNQ1 , Kir2.1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1 , Nav1.5



Title: Long QT syndrome: a Korean single center study.

Authors: Yun-Sik Lee, Bo-Sang Kwon, Gi-Beom Kim, Se-Il Oh, Eun-Jung Bae, Sung-Sup Park, Chung-Il Noh

Journal, date & volume: J. Korean Med. Sci., 2013 Oct , 28, 1454-60

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24133349


Abstract
The long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a rare hereditary disorder in which affected individuals have a possibility of ventricular tachyarrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. We investigated 62 LQTS (QTc ≥ 0.47 sec) and 19 family members whose genetic study revealed mutation of LQT gene. In the proband group, the modes of presentation were ECG abnormality (38.7%), aborted cardiac arrest (24.2%), and syncope or seizure (19.4%). Median age of initial symptom development was 10.5 yr. Genetic studies were performed in 61; and mutations were found in 40 cases (KCNQ1 in 19, KCNH2 in 10, SCN5A in 7, KCNJ2 in 3, and CACNA1C in 1). In the family group, the penetrance of LQT gene mutation was 57.9%. QTc was longer as patients had the history of syncope (P = 0.001), ventricular tachycardia (P = 0.017) and aborted arrest (P = 0.010). QTc longer than 0.508 sec could be a cut-off value for major cardiac events (sensitivity 0.806, specificity 0.600). Beta-blocker was frequently applied for treatment and had significant effects on reducing QTc (P = 0.007). Implantable cardioverter defibrillators were applied in 6 patients. Congenital LQTS is a potentially lethal disease. It shows various genetic mutations with low penetrance in Korean patients.