Channelpedia

PubMed 24173356


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3



Title: Puberty alters renal water handling.

Authors: B Mahler, K Kamperis, C Ankarberg-Lindgren, J Frøkiær, J C Djurhuus, S Rittig

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol., 2013 Dec 15 , 305, F1728-35

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24173356


Abstract
We investigated the influence of sex and puberty stage on circadian urine production and levels of antidiuretic hormone [arginine vasopressin (AVP)] in healthy children. Thirty-nine volunteers (9 prepuberty boys, 10 prepuberty girls, 10 midpuberty boys, and 10 midpuberty girls) were included. All participants underwent a 24-h circadian inpatient study under standardized conditions regarding Na(+) and fluid intake. Blood samples were drawn every 4 h for measurements of plasma AVP, serum 17-β-estradiol, and testosterone, and urine was fractionally collected for measurements of electrolytes, aquaporin (AQP)2, and PGE2. We found a marked nighttime decrease in diuresis (from 1.69 ± 0.08 to 0.86 ± 0.06 ml·kg(-1)·h(-1), P < 0.001) caused by a significant nighttime increase in solute-free water reabsorption (TcH2O; day-to-night ratio: 0.64 ± 0.07, P < 0.001) concurrent with a significant decrease in osmotic excretion (day-to-night ratio: 1.23 ± 0.06, P < 0.001). Plasma AVP expressed a circadian rhythm (P < 0.01) with a nighttime increase and peak levels at midnight (0.49 ± 0.05 pg/ml). The circadian plasma AVP rhythm was not influenced by sex (P = 0.56) or puberty stage (P = 0.73). There was significantly higher nighttime TcH2O in prepuberty children. This concurred with increased nighttime urinary AQP2 excretion in prepuberty children. Urinary PGE2 exhibited a circadian rhythm independent of sex or puberty stage. Levels of serum 17β-estradiol and testosterone were as expected for sex and puberty stage, and no effect on the AVP-AQP2-TcH2O axis was observed. This study found a circadian rhythm of plasma AVP independent of sex and puberty stage, although nighttime TcH2O was higher and AQP2 excretion was more pronounced in prepuberty children, suggesting higher prepuberty renal AVP sensitivity.