Channelpedia

PubMed 24217926


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: Vanilloid receptor-1 (TRPV1) expression and function in the vasculature of the rat.

Authors: Attila Toth, Agnes Czikora, Eniko T Pásztor, Beatrix Dienes, Péter Bai, László Csernoch, Ibolya Rutkai, Viktória Csató, Ivetta S Mányiné, Róbert Pórszász, István Edes, Zoltán Papp, Judit Boczán

Journal, date & volume: J. Histochem. Cytochem., 2014 Feb , 62, 129-44

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24217926


Abstract
Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channels are emerging in vascular biology. In particular, the expression of the capsaicin receptor (TRPV1) was reported in vascular smooth muscle cells. This study characterized the arteriolar TRPV1 function and expression in the rat. TRPV1 mRNA was expressed in various vascular beds. Six commercially available antibodies were tested for TRPV1 specificity. Two of them were specific (immunostaining was abolished by blocking peptides) for neuronal TRPV1 and one recognized vascular TRPV1. TRPV1 was expressed in blood vessels in the skeletal muscle, mesenteric and skin tissues, as well as in the aorta and carotid arteries. TRPV1 expression was found to be regulated at the level of individual blood vessels, where some vessels expressed, while others did not express TRPV1 in the same tissue sections. Capsaicin (a TRPV1 agonist) evoked constrictions in skeletal muscle arteries and in the carotid artery, but had no effect on the femoral and mesenteric arteries or the aorta. In blood vessels, TRPV1 expression was detected in most of the large arteries, but there were striking differences at level of the small arteries. TRPV1 activity was suppressed in some isolated arteries. This tightly regulated expression and function suggests a physiological role for vascular TRPV1.